Hui, Panthay of Myanmar (Burma)

Hui, Panthay of Myanmar (Burma)

Photo source: Copyright © Operation China, Paul Hattaway. Used with permission.
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Hui, Muslim Chinese of Myanmar (Burma).

Population Language Religion % Christian % Evangelical Audio NT Jesus Film Progress
8,000 Chinese, Mandarin Islam 0.00 % 0.00 % 1.1  

Hui, Panthay of Myanmar (Burma)



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The Hui are an official minority of China. Their high cheekbones and round eyes give many Hui a very different appearance from the Han Chinese.

The Hui speak standard Mandarin; although, in some locations, Persian and Arabic words have been added to their vocabulary.

By the middle of the seventh century, Arab and Persian traders and merchants traveled to China in search of riches. In addition, in the thirteenth century the Mongols turned people into mobile armies during their Central Asian conquests and sent them to China. These civilians were expected to settle down at various locations to farm while maintaining combat readiness. As artisans, scholars, officials, and religious leaders, they spread throughout China. These people are the ancestors of today’s Hui. One of the worst cases of genocide in history took place against the Hui in Yunnan from 1855 to 1873. One million Hui people were massacred.

The Hui are forbidden to eat pork, but that prohibition is often overlooked by calling the meat “mutton.” A Chinese joke is that “One Muslim traveling will grow fat; two on a journey will grow thin.” The Hui are renowned as sharp businessmen. A Chinese proverb from the 1800s states, “A Chinese awake is not the equal of a Hui sleeping.”

Almost all Hui are Sunni Muslims. They worship in thousands of mosques throughout China. Islam first came to China via Abu Waggas, one of Mohammed’s contemporaries. He preached in southern China and had the Beacon Tower built in memory of Mohammed in AD 627. In recent years, an increasing number of Hui have traveled to Mecca for the annual Haj pilgrimage.

Although there are a small number of scattered Hui believers in China, the Hui are probably the largest people group in the world without a single known Christian fellowship group. Mission work among the Hui in Ningxia commenced in 1885. A few Hui converts were numbered among the Hui in Manchuria, Gansu, and Qinghai by the 1920s. In 1934 an American missionary known as Hai Chun Sheng baptized several Hui Muslim leaders in Qinghai. Recently a mission team secretly distributed 35,000 gospel tracts and cassette tapes to the Hui. A large church has emerged in northern Ningxia, but almost all the believers are Han Chinese, and few of them have a desire to reach out to the Hui. Most Hui have yet to hear the gospel of Christ.

Text source: Copyright © Operation China, Paul Hattaway. Used with permission.

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Prayer Links Submit Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-07-20
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-12-27
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-07-24



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Country: Myanmar (Burma)
Continent: Asia
Region: Southeast Asia
Persecution Rank: 33 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
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Country Map: Political map
Ethnolinguistic Map: University of Texas or other map
Peoples [6]
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People Name in Country: Hui, Panthay
People Name General: Hui, Muslim Chinese
Alternate People Names:
Chinese Muslim Dungan
Haw Hui Chinese
Huizui Khotan
Mandarin Panthay
ROP3 Code: 103896
Joshua Project People ID: 12140
Indigenous: No
Population in Country: 8,000
Population all Countries: 12,712,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: East Asian Peoples
People Cluster: Chinese-Hui
People Name General: Hui, Muslim Chinese
Ethnic Code: MSY42b
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree

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Primary Language: Chinese, Mandarin (8,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): cmn    Ethnologue Listing
Language Code (14th): CHN
Primary Dialect: Xinan Guanhua
Dialect Code: 8839
Total Languages: 1
Religion [2]
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Primary Religion: Islam
Religion Sub-division: Sunni
Major Religions:
Buddhism 0.00 %
Christianity 0.00 % (Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions 0.00 %
Hinduism 0.00 %
Islam 100.00 %
Non-Religious 0.00 %
Other / Small 0.00 %
Unknown 0.00 %
Christianity Segments:
Anglican 0.00 %
Independent 0.00 %
Protestant 0.00 %
Orthodox 0.00 %
Other Christian 0.00 %
Roman Catholic 0.00 %
(Evangelicals distributed across Christianity segments)
Progress Indicators [3]
Progress Scale[4] 1.1   Few, if any, known Evangelicals. Professing Christian <=5%
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status: Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years
Bible Translation Status

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Bible Portions: 1986
New Testament:
1981 Audio New Testament
Complete Bible: 1983
Possible Bible Sources: Forum of Bible Agencies
World Bible Finder
World Christian Resource Directory
Gospel Go
Ministry Resources [5]
Submit Link:
Audio Recordings MegaVoice Audio Bible and Stories
Audio Recordings Audio Treasure Resources
Audio Recordings Bible Voice Radio Online
Audio Recordings Christ for the Nations
Audio Recordings Faith Comes By Hearing
Audio Recordings Global Recordings
Audio Recordings Gods Story
Audio Recordings Talking Bibles – New Testament
Film / Video Fathers Love Letter
Film / Video General Ministry Resources
Film / Video General Ministry Resources
Film / Video Gods Story
Film / Video Indigenous Evangelistic Film
Film / Video Indigenous Evangelistic Film
Film / Video Indigenous Evangelistic Film
Film / Video Jesus Film, versions available
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Chinese, Mandarin
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Chinese, Qinghai
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Chinese, Sichuan
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Chinese, Yunnan (
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hui
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Mandarin, Taiwan
Film / Video The Hope Video
Film / Video World Christian Videos
General Chinese Blog about Unreached Peoples
General Evangelism / Discipleship Resources
General Evangelism Toolbox
General Four Spiritual Laws
General Got Questions Ministry
Printed Matter Back to Jerusalem
Printed Matter Literacy & Evangelism Internation
Printed Matter Multi-Language Media
Printed Matter World Christian Tract Ministry
Scripture Bible Gateway Scripture
Scripture Bible-in-Your-Language
Scripture Easy Bible
Scripture International Bible Society
Scripture Very Easy Bible
Scripture Very Easy Bible
Scripture World Bible Translation Center
Scripture World Missionary Press Booklets
Worship / Music Ethnic Worship Music
Video Resources [5]
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Source:  Create International Watch Download
Ministry Activity
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Description: Register your ministry activity among this people group. Contact the Adopt-A-People Clearinghouse to learn about others that might be focused on this people group.
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Hui, Panthay of Myanmar (Burma)

Global Global
Affinity Bloc Global
People Cluster
Chinese-Hui Southeast Asia
Hui, Muslim Chinese Myanmar (Burma)
People-by-Country (Profile)
Hui, Panthay of Myanmar (Burma)
Religion Language
Islam Chinese, Mandarin
All Religions

* Notes:
  1. Significant effort is made to match photos with people groups. In most cases those providing the photo have identified the people group. However, in some instances when the exact people group is not identified Joshua Project has made educated attempts at matching. As a result some photos may be representative of the people cluster rather than the specific people group. If you believe a photo is not matched with the correct people group, please contact us.
  2. Certain percentages display as ‘0.00%’ because of space limitations, but some may be slightly greater than zero. The exactness of numbers presented here can be misleading. Numbers can vary by several percentage points or more.
  3. <!–

  4. People group population figures are now maintained as a percentage of the national population. Click here for details.
  5. –>

  6. Discrepancies may exist between “Progress Indicators” because of the varying sources of information. Joshua Project does not have specific ministry activity data supporting each of the “Progress Indicators.”
  7. The Joshua Project Progress Scale is an approximation of church planting progress based on all progress indicators available. For a fuller explanation, click here. If you have additional information, please contact us.
  8. These are links to external sites not managed or controlled by Joshua Project. A link to an external page does not necessarily imply that Joshua Project a) endorses the organization(s) or person(s) providing them, b) agrees with the ideas expressed or c) attests to the correctness, factuality, appropriateness, or legality of the contents.
  9. As on-site realities are understood, barriers of acceptance may be found in many of the larger people groups that will require multiple distinct church-planting efforts.
  10. This data may contain errors and needs continual correcting and updating. To send feedback, please contact us.


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